Central Mansion

The mansion is the most important architectural element in the Iranian gardens and represents the ultimate gusto and art in the combination of the garden and the building. The mansion in the middle space of the garden and at the intersection of two longitudinal and transverse axes has been constructed so that it can be seen from four sides and the effect of the combination of the four Iranian gardens are doubled.

The existence of four homogeneous views that open up four directions will greatly enhance the strength of the architecture of the masses, as well as it will extremely help the integration between them. Also, the use of seasonal climate along with biological-ceremonial in order to answer the demands of the Prince of the castle was one of the main reasons for the structural difference between mansion and other buildings of the castle.

The mansion with two floors creates a complete openness to the courtyard and garden. The connection between the building and courtyard is created through the balcony. The centrality of the architectural mass plan, its singularity and the geometry of the site make the time factor of the observer experience effective in other words, the observer understands the fundamental and the main part of the garden, and the passage of time and his movement toward the mansion only understanding the details of the facade of the mansion.

The materials used in construction of the structure of the mansion were adobe and wood and have been used plaster and brick for decorations. The colors used in decorations were affected by the climatic characteristics of the area. The mansion structure was such that the best utilization of natural factors (sun, wind, and atmospheric precipitation).

At the top of the doors and windows of the mansion, a stylized canalization structure or empty spaces has been embedded lightweight structure has been built that lowers the building’s weight and low pressure on the first-floor walls. Between the walls and around the doors and windows, skeletons were made of wooden beams that strengthen the building against horizontal pressures. The thick walls of the mansion act as the insulation against heat and cool, so that in winter and summer with the lowest energy the room temperature reaches the desired level.



Introduse rooms of central mansion

King's Room(Dais Room)

King’s room is the largest room in the southern part of the second floor of the central mansion and overlooking to the balcony and elliptical pool which is located in the yard. This room was welcomed by Amir Heshmat of the special guests, and it was held for official meetings.

The exquisite plaster on top of fireplaces, it was decorated wooden frame and colored glasses ceiling of this room.

There is a great elliptical water pool shape in front of the King’s room which makes pleasant airflow into the room.

In the hours of the day by reflection of sunlight through the glass doors, beautiful and colorful carpet is reflected on the floor.

Thick walls of more than one meter and proper light conditions from the south and west of this room and also multiple doors open around it, provides adjust proper temperatures in summer and winter.

Valves have been embedded in the northern and southern walls which were the place to put the lights in order to provided room lighting at night.

The western rooms doors were more exposed to the rain have been made of plane tree wood and rest of the doors was made of walnut tree wood.

For restoration of doors and wooden frame ceiling, plaster work and ceiling bricks have been used master workers of kashan, ghazvin and khomein cities.

Earring Room

This room is located in the eastern part of the dais room and is connected to the dais room by two doors and has been used as the workplace of Amir Heshmat.

Plasterworks of birds, beautiful flowerpots in the niche and colorful wooden frames on the roof, has been provided relaxation place for work and rest.

South balcony of the second floor

 Dais room and earring room are located in the southern part of central mansion that leading to the balcony. The Balcony is bounded on three sides of the building and overlooking to the courtyard from the south. When the Guests entered the balcony, they saw Alvand Mountain and green space Landscape in front of the elliptical pool in the middle of the courtyard. Used colored and wooden decorations and plaster works around the roof and also, head pillars of it gave beautiful affected on the balcony. In addition to balcony providing an open and peaceful atmosphere for the residents and has prevented direct sunlight into the rooms and the entry of water droplets during precipitation. Meanwhile, the balcony has been provided to monitor the performance of the servants and workers, as well as the use of the beautiful landscape of garden space and water pool. Wooden fences of the balcony and passageway of the drawing room were made of about two hundred thousand walnuts wooden pieces and have been made without used any nail and any metal.

Drawing Room

This room is located on the north side of the second floor and in front of the greenhouse. It has been used as the drawing room of Amir Heshmat and his guests. Plasterwork of this room has been according to the type of usage of it and motifs from different local fruits and has been used simple wooden frames in the roof. In the western part of the room, there are two doors which connected to the korsi (traditional Iranian low table) room and in the above space the doors, two beautiful windows were designed with plaster and colored glasses.


Korsi Room

This room is located next to the drawing room and has been resting place of Amir Heshmat. In the winters, there was a four legged table in the middle of the room was called Korsi. They put the container of ashes and burning charcoal beneath the Korsi and over the seat was covered with a thick quilt. In this way, people would be able to use the heat of the korsi in hard winters by sat around the korsi. The temperature of this room is also cool in summer.


Triple Room Service and Protection of the Mansion

Guard Room

Western room was the establishment place of the boss of guards and servants which leading to the Vicegerent room, and has been given summoned and instructed by the Vicegerent in the necessary times.


Storekeeper Room

The middle room was the establishment place of the storekeeper. This door opens by the small doors to the dark room which was called ‘pastoo’. Only special people had accessed to this room, has been used for kept the guns and also tools and valuable things.

Room Service

The East room has been establishment place of Service members of the mansion and responsible for cleaning the mansion’s rooms and provided services to people and guests stationed in this building.

Vicegerent Room

This room is located in the southwest of ground floor of the mansion and has been establishment place of the main assistant of Amir heshmat as the Vicegerent. It also has the ways to triple rooms that has been also the establishment of the guards and servants.

The different persons that entered the castle for visited Amir Heshmat should first share their difficulties and complaints with Vicegerent and in case he would let them go to visited Amir heshmat. Vicegerent every time he knows were called the guards that were stationed in the back room to punish any of the visitors such as imprisoning in the dungeon or hitting their ears with nails to trees that they did not comply with the castle and their orders to show an example to the others.

Waiting Room

This room is located in the southeastern part of the ground floor. And at night were used to accommodate guests that were not allowed to return due to distance or weather conditions or were waiting for visited Amir Heshmat. At the end of the room, there was a storage room for held resting equipment and reception of them.